Vaginal yeast infection

Vaginal yeast infection

Description vaginal yeast infection

With a vaginal yeast infection in their lives she met with almost every woman. It is reported that this nuisance have experienced up to 75% of women.

It is a typical plodding itching, burning, unpleasant discharge, and often long-term and recurrent treatment. For us, this disease presents as the most common cause of vaginal discharge. Unpleasant attack invasive yeasts occurs mainly during fluctuations bacterial balance in the vagina.

The vagina is usually stable acidic environment caused by the bacterium lactobacillus (lactic acid bacteria). This microorganism protect the internal environment of the vagina from adverse external influences.

If for various reasons disturbed, may here přemnožit another microorganism Candida albicans. This kind of yeast commonly found in the mouth and in the intestines of some women is natural and in the vagina. During its disproportionate overgrowth of candida occurs, precisely vaginal yeast infection. Often enough that the body received only single-celled form of yeast, but the warm, moist environment of the vagina causes is multiplied several times and creates infectious filamentous form multicellular, which causes uncomfortable symptoms.

In addition albicans yeast infections of the vagina caused by another species of the genus Candida.

Overall it is a very common disease, and if you find yourself on the symptoms or hear a diagnosis from a doctor, there is no reason to panic.


Risk factors for vaginal yeast infection

The risk of yeast infection occurs whenever it is threatened by natural acidic internal environment of the vagina.

This situation occurs for example with the use of broad spectrum antibiotics, which in addition to the treatment of the original disease (Anina, pneumonia, etc.). Kills body beneficial bacteria. The vagina is so accidentally destroyed the bacteria lactobacillus and inner vaginal environment is open to infection from the outside.

Another common cause of vaginal infections is a weakened immunity. Either way, simply as an illness, stress or lack of sleep or the more serious reasons such as illness or long-term intensive treatment. Greater risk is with long-term illnesses eg. With HIV or who are being treated withchemotherapy.

Reasons for changes in the internal environment of the vagina can also be hormonal. Increased risk is thus, for example, during pregnancy, use of oral contraceptives or spermicides. More at risk are patients with diabetes due to an imbalance of sugars in the body.

The most common reasons for yeast infections, however, are much simpler. It is reported, for example, the influence of too scented hygiene products or, conversely, lack of intimate hygiene.

A typical risk factor is a long stay in a humid environment (such as wet swimsuit or long baths).Another cause may be too tight underwear or pants or underwear made of synthetic materials.

Vaginal yeast infection can actually be regarded as sexually transmitted disease because it can be spread by sexual contact. This implies also a frequent recurrences (repeated return) because men in the overwhelming number of cases reflected. Men often can become a kind of asymptomaticcarriers, when his partner may be difficulties with yeast often repeatedly transferred. In this case it is worth considering the treatment of both sexual partners.


Preventing vaginal yeast infection

In addition to avoiding scented soaps, tampons and toilet paper are not suitable for staying a long time in a humid environment. Especially wet swimsuit is better to immediately change clothesand dry properly.

As a precaution it is recommended to use a condom during sex, thus preventing transmission from asymptomatic (without symptoms) partner. Overall then positively on the prevention of candidiasis, as well as the prevention of other sexually transmitted diseases, in limiting the number of sexual partners.

Another way may avoid yeast is correct hygiene anus after stool, i.e. so that the intestinal content did not meet with scabbard. Particularly menses is advisable to avoid tight trousers, and not leave the skin for long periods genitals sanitary napkins or tampons in the vagina.


Signs and symptoms of vaginal yeast infection

Candidiasis can recognize easily. The most typical symptoms include arduous and painful genital itching and a whitish discharge often resembling lumps of curd.

The exception is also redness or swelling of the external genitals, they are occasionally recognized white coating on the labia lips.

Candidiasis can also spoil differently severe pain intercourse or urination. Individually they are then observed abdominal pain or inflammation of the gums.


Treatment of vaginal yeast infection

With a visit to the doctor should not in any case be delayed. Early zaléčení infection may prevent repeated relapses, which saves a lot of time and energy doctors and patient. Firstly, it should be noted that it is not necessary in any way ashamed or afraid. Yeast infections are a daily routine for gynecologists and their examinations or treatments are not painful or difficult.

The doctor basic investigation mirrors and removed from the vaginal smear on a cotton swab.This then generally sent to the cultivation, where they find the specific type of yeast infection and thus enables more targeted therapy.

In the laboratory yeast colonies grown on a special nutrient medium, where the stacks whitish bacteria (hence the name albicans) become visible to the human eye.

Currently, the treatment of yeast infections common. If everything is running smoothly, it takes about one week and is not difficult.

Known as topical pharmaceuticals in the form of suppositories, ointments, rinses, gels or globules. They are mostly antifungals, which are designed to eradicate unwanted yeast from the vaginal environment. Applications normally performed so that a patient in the supine position deep into the vagina suppository or globule. Warm environment vagina causes the solid form of the drug dissolved the drug and thus covers the entire mucosal surface of the vagina. After application, the patient remains in a supine position for an additional ten to fifteen minutes. Such treatment is usually repeated every week night and candidiasis symptoms should disappear.

Another known treatment of vaginal infections is called systemic therapy, when the drug be introduced locally but centrally. This means that the patient does not apply directly to any drugs or genitalia into it, but taking the tablet. This treatment should like previous not take longer than a week. This also treated sexual partner in the case of repeated returning infections patient.


How can I help myself

The yeast infections and their treatment of domestic circulating rumors and old wives’ advice.Perhaps the best known is the application of plain yogurt into the environment of outer genitals.This method can be effective, but not for each patient. Yogurt contains lactic acid bacteria, the same as those natural vaginal, but if the infection is advanced yeast character, very lactic acid bacteria to fight the yeast may not be enough.
Anyway, trying out this advice can not go wrong.

The following are the various “protikvasinkové” diets or sage tea protikvasinkové like. This kind of treatment is related to the comprehensive treatment of yeast, the yeast is needed not only to expel from the vagina and the external female genitals but the whole organism, because due to their frequent return is to be expected elsewhere.

Generally known are also various hygienic preparations with lactic acid, which support the natural vaginal microflora (e.g. Lactacyd, intima, or rinses tantum dew). These products are freely available in pharmacies.

With a visit to the doctor should not be delayed but since culturing yeast colonies can distinguish the exact species of these microorganisms and thus the most effective treatment for yeast. Here again, the sooner the better.


Complications of vaginal yeast infection

The most common complication of vaginal infections are many times the aforementionedrecurrence. These usually take place so that, although the cure once inflammation, but that a few weeks, and thus returns to treatment extends to several months.

The doctor in this case would be re-cultivate the swab from the vagina and deploy more accurate and longer treatment to completely eradicate yeast. The reason for frequent return may be retransmissions of a partner, here it pays to partner also underwent treatment and during this time would deny partners had sexual intercourse.

Another possibility is that a yeast infection “seat” elsewhere in the body, so often employs a so-called. Comprehensive treatment when the yeast infection treated not only locally, but also orally administered tablets that should act on any yeast infection in the body.

Other names: vaginal candidiasis


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