Description tendinitis

The human body is composed of about 600 striated muscles. Muscle is usually formed by the beginning and the head, which is below the movable part of the muscle. The middle portion of the muscle belly is referred to as and comprises muscle bundles which together during muscle contraction and are inserted thereby to cause the shrinkage. The last section is the insertion of the muscle, which is called the tendon (Tendo). Tendon as well as the beginning of the muscle’s task to fix muscle – mostly to the bone. By muscle is firmly fixed at two points occurs during the contraction to bend this place. As an example, we can brachialis muscle (m. Brachialis). Its beginning is about half of the humerus, the tendon ends at the ulna. If this muscle pulls, there will be bending the arm at the elbow joint. The same principle then it works most of the muscles musculoskeletal system.

The strength of muscle contraction is determined by the number of muscle fibers that make up the muscle. If a muscle is more stressed, the larger the number of muscle fibers can be observed by trained individuals (athletes, laborers, etc.). Conversely, at lower loads the muscle decreases the number of muscle fibers and muscle is flaccid. Composition of the tendon is still the same, because it implies no muscle fiber does not. This is only clamped to it. A tendon is therefore not contractile ability. It consists of bundles of collagen, which is associated in the first thin primary later thicker secondary fibers. On the surface is covered by connective tissue. When tendonitis is affected mainly the connective tissue that encases the fiber. These are then affected only in exceptional cases and, if so, at least.

Inflammation is a general response of the body to balance disorders. In the case of tendinitis equilibrium is disturbed by excessive load a specific muscle or muscle group. It’s important reaction because when it occurs to repair damaged tissues, which arose as a result of various causes. Damage to the organism is initially localized and suppressed any infection. By the time the infection is overcome only to possible repairs.

There are several types tendonitis – suppurative, rheumatoid, tuberculous, tendovaginitis crepitans and tendovaginitis stenosans.

Purulent inflammation of tendons

Purulent inflammation is caused by pyrogenic bacteria, which act elsewhere in the body and trauma to the tendon were transferred from the surroundings. This inflammation can spread to other sites and may cause to death of the affected tendon.

Rheumatoid tendinitis

Rheumatoid arthritis resembles rheumatoid arthritis, a disease affecting mainly the larger joints.Arises as a result of infections which are caused by bacteria referred to as streptococci. These joints are painful and swollen limited mobile.

Tennis elbow

Tendovaginitis crepitans, which is more commonly known as tennis elbow, inflammation is usually located on the front of the forearm. It is caused by excessive stress these muscles not only in sport, but it can also occur in manually working people who constantly perform one movement without rest these muscles. But it may not be just a hard-working. Often tendonitis found in people who work at a computer with his arms still in one position or for students who have so strained muscles of one hand the long and frequent writing.

Lupavý finger

Tendovaginitis stenosans a popular name “lupavý finger” because it affects mostly fingers, most often tendon inches. Then when these tendons creates inflammation, not smooth movement of the thumb, but the jerky bounce up.

Risk factors for tendinitis

The main risk is excessive strain on the muscles – mostly by hand without adequate rest. An example may be some sports (tennis, ping – pong) or even normal activities such as the work on the computer. For sports in which in turn are more burdened feet, it is dangerous to start sports without warming up and stretching strained muscle groups. Risk is a sudden increase in muscle activitythat we have not paid in the previous period. A frequent cause is also performing repeated unilateral move some jobs.

Prevention of tendonitis

Tendonitis can be avoided while maintaining the preventive measures which include mainly rest during physical activity, which run longer period. This reduces the risk that the muscles loaded more than necessary. When sport is contrary Joho important before performing properly executed warming which is followed by stretching all muscle groups with a special focus on those that will be more stressed. It is also important – especially if we have not paid any sports – started gradually.It is totally inappropriate to begin during the first hours of heavy exercise, to which we are accustomed, as this will be more likely to harming rather than improving physical condition.

For people who work manually, especially those who burden only some muscles, it is recommended to make a break, during which he stressed muscles stretch. But it applies generally to all who sit at work. It is advisable to pick up after some time, a little stroll (even after the office), stiff muscles limber, stretch your back and breathe with.

Effective prevention against tendonitis is therefore common and reasonable movement in which they are involved and leverages all of the muscles of our body.

Symptoms of tendonitis

Tendinitis is not among the diseases that upon us suddenly struck, and usually show symptoms begin gradually. The place where the inflammation is located, is the beginning of a disease sensitive and itchy. Gradually it becomes reddened and swollen up warm. Disability is a painful place. The pain is manifested in particular when the movement at which the inflamed tendon used and may be in other stages of the disease project and to close the joint.

Treatment of inflammation of tendons

Tendonitis is one of the most important parts of treatment restrictions on the movement of the affected tendon. This can be fixed, for example bandage or brace I plaster. After reducing the movement of the inflammatory reaction gradually leveling off, tissue damage due to special mechanisms fixes.

Treatment can also be supported by phototherapy, when the affected area illuminated with light of the wavelength spectrum. This will improve blood circulation, which partly helps restore the cells of the affected tissue.

It is also possible to apply cooling gels or ointments auxiliary, where the market is relatively large quantities. But if there is no restriction on the movement, it is not possible to cure tendinitis.

Invasive method is then surgical removal of the affected tendon.

After the disappearance of inflammation should follow the rehabilitation of the affected limb.

How to help treat tendonitis

The most important help in the treatment of a rigorous restrictions on the movement of the affected tendon. Because the treatment of inflammation repaired affected tissue, it is also appropriate to consume more proteins, which are necessary in the meat, and also to supplement the diet with magnesium, potassium and calcium. A rich source of magnesium is a vegetable.Potassium then can complement of meats, bananas, potatoes, and calcium is especially in dairy products. It is also useful to consider what movements we perform after treatment, what will be appropriate to limit that sport needs to be contrary to connect to the daily regimen and the like.

Complications from the tendon

Complications of tendinitis may be an extension of inflammation to other tendons. If there is no movement restrictions and additional treatment may in some cases the inflammation spread to the collagen fibrils inside the tendons. In the worst case it is possible to its death.

Other names: Tennis elbow tendinitis, brittle finger, septic tendinitis, rheumatoid tendinitis, tendovaginitis crepitans and tendovaginitis stenosans

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