Description of barley grains

Stye is a common disease of the eyelid. On the upper or lower lid appears painful lump that results from blockage of some superficial glands cap. This blockage causes inflammation, which presents its four typical symptoms (redness, swelling, zteplání, pain).


Risk factors barley grains

Risk factors for creating barley grains include its health condition – diabetes, rosacea (rosacea – disorder of the sebaceous glands), inflammation of the lacrimal glands, reduced immunity, hormonal changes or disturbances, oily skin – but also behavior – eyestrain (poorly chosen diopters reading in dim light), decreased frequency of blinking (especially when using a computer or watching television), rubbing your eyes by contaminated hands – and the external environment – dust or other small particles in the air.


Prevention of barley grains

For preventing a disease does not occur unless repeatedly sufficient monitoring and reducing risk factors.

After frequent occurrence should pay increased attention eyes – especially hygiene. Top regularly (twice a day), cleaning (pass eyelids with a swab dipped in pine water or baby shampoo).

In the case of symptoms of dry eye syndrome (eye burning, cutting, gritty feeling in the eye) must be professionally solve this problem, because disruption of the products of different types of lacrimal glands can lead to many problems, which include the stye.


Signs and symptoms of barley grains

The arrival of barley grain is commonly heralded first pain around the eyelids. Finally there is a concentration of pain and reddening of one point (normally around day 3). This creates reddishbumps filled with pus. These bumps – soft bundle – can sometimes disappear in the overall swelling of the eye. To confirm the presence of barley grains doctor can perform a maneuver flip lid inside out. On the inner side of the lid shown festering yellow grain.

Due to changes in density products lacrimal glands, the presence of pus Peeled grain and increased pressure on the eye lids can sometimes cause blurred vision.


Treatment of barley grains

In the event that there are no complications, the disease does not require a visit to the doctor.Stye itself is ripe to burst and disappear.

However, if the grain is too painful or lasts for 2 weeks or more, it is advisable to visit a physician who is incised sterile grain, allowing the pus to drain. This incision is made under local anesthesia (in children due to the risk of injury in the event of head twitches sometimes accesses total anesthesia).

Sometimes it also recommended the removal of algae, which facilitates draining the contents of the grain.

Though he cuts a good deal at a dose of courage can do themselves, it is not recommended due to an increased risk of penetration of infection into the wound. Additionally, the doctor usually prescribes an antibiotic ointment that helps doléčit bearing and reduces the risk of recurrence of barley grains. This topical antibiotics (sulfonamide or eye ointment) is suitable to apply several days after resolution difficulties, since it reduces the probability of the return of barley grain.


How can I help myself

Accompanying unpleasant symptoms such as itching, pain … sometimes forcing patients to scratching or rubbing your eye. But this increases the risk of introducing other infections in the eye of non-sterile hands (formerly therefore recommending at least not to the softening of the fingers,but the back of the hand, where it is assumed that the cleaner).

Better relief from these problems, and also help to accelerate the ripening grain is stoking hot tiles.One option is wet (better rather wet) herbal compresses (handkerchief soaked in chamomile broth or hot water pine), another alternative is dry warm compresses (iron ironed handkerchief).

Furthermore, it is also recommended (though some of its influence on the stye disproves) the use of B vitamins (B-complex).


Complications barley grains

The most common complications include expansion of inflammation (inflammation of the lacrimal gland, inflammation of orbit ..) return repeated inflammation, long term grain maturation.

Another complication of the disease is actually a different disease – lupine grain. These two diseases apart are often distinguished by the general public. Barley and lupine grain varies by glands, which affects (wolf affects deeper) and lupine seed not unlike barley infectious. Lupine grain is small, painless induration, often chronic and does not tend to crack itself. Almost always have to deal with medical intervention – scrape.

Other names: hordeolum

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