Description mycosis

Mold (fungal) are fungal diseases caused by organisms that their properties close to plants and bacteria. In contrast to bacteria, these organisms have a core and compared to plants not form chlorophyll. They have a cell wall, which consists of chitin and can live as single cells or colonies are essentially ubiquitous. Live aerobically – which means that their metabolism to require oxygen.

From a medical point of view we divided mold ondermatophytes, yeasts and fungi mycelia-forming (ie. Fungi).The most frequent causative skin diseases are dermatophytes (e.g. genera Microsporum, Trichophyton), which feeds rohovějícími skin cells (keratinocytes) and thus attack the skin, nails and hair.

Dermatophytes induce called. Dermatophytosis, wherein the specific disease is called tinea professionally. We differentiate as tinea pedis (handicap feet or illness also known as athlete’s foot), tinea manus (handicap hands – the same disease as the legs, usually carried out foot), tinea unguium (diseased nails or onychomycosis), tinea capitis(disability scalp and scalp ), tinea inguinal (groin disability), tinea barbae (beard disability) andtinea corporis (disability trunk and limbs).

As we have seen, the fungus can appear almost anywhere on the body. It is then up to the overall condition of the individual, his age, immunity, presence of other disease, condition (injury), leather etc. Most often people become infected treading skin flakes, who departed from the soles of the feet of an infected person (fitness center, swimming pool, etc.).

Regarding yeasts, the most important representative is a yeast called Candida albicans. That raises so. Candidiasis, which frequently suffers from infants, children, women, obese people and diabetics. Most often we talk about skin candidiasis, which can also affect the fingernails, as well as vaginal (vaginal) candidiasis and oesophageal. Candidiasis of the mouth is known as thrush (read SOR) is typical among infants and people generally weakened and the long-term hospital care, taking antibiotics. Esophageal candidiasis is also typical in individuals debilitated and in long-term hospital care with antibiotic therapy. Will the pain either swallowing or is asymptomatic, and it is usually found accidentally during gastroscopy (endoscopic examination of the stomach using a camera).

Cutaneous candidiasis is commonly found in damp places Zápařka (groin, genitals, armpits, under the breasts, neck area). Itchy skin has red coloration may be present peeling of the affected districts.

Diseased nails is typical for workers máčející have long hands in water without protective gear is characterized by swelling and redness nail folds (which is the area above the spot where the nail grows).

Vaginal candidiasis disease is fairly common, intractable diseases characterized by itching anda whitish discharge from the vagina. Comes at weakening, stress and antibiotic treatment, which will discharge the natural vaginal flora.

Among fungal diseases include diseases also called pityriasis versicolor, whose The cause of the yeast Malassezia furfur. It is characterized by the formation of light brown, sharply defined circular patches on the skin of the chest or shoulders, arms and thighs, on which the scratching appeared tiny scales. After zaléčení and summer (after sun) is a typical fading in places the original bearings.The disease occurs mainly in young adults and is predisposed increased sweating and oily skin. Is not usually accompanied by itching, but only by the disappearance of the pigment(depigmentation) and gently panting affected areas.

Micromycets (eg. Penicillium, Apergillus) are common allergens.

For completeness, it is appropriate to mention also the so-called. Systemic mycoses and accompanying states predominantly associated with weakening of the immune system. It is a multi-organ diseases (more organs simultaneously). The inventors usually differ from the originators of skin diseases, but systemic diseases can also cause Candida albicans. These may be severe, and are seen almost exclusively in hospitals for long-term hospitalized individuals.


Risk factors mycosis

Risk factors include contact with the infection, e.g. when staying in public swimming pools, swimming pools, showers and the like., Traumatization leg skin (sport, tourism), systemic diseasessuch as diabetes, vascular disease, obesity, other skin diseases such as eczema, increased sweating, wearing tight and closed shoes, underwear and clothes from inappropriate materials, antibiotic therapy, stay in endemic areas, a weakened immune system (especially for systemic mycoses).


Preventing mycosis

Appropriate prevention is skin care, gentle and adequate sanitation, wear breathable underwear and clothes, suitable footwear, shoe disinfection, the use of changing shoes in public showers, disinfecting wounds (after working in the garden, etc.).


Signs and symptoms of mycosis

Fungal diseases, known as mycosis, manifested most often itching, redness, peeling or cracking skin, which greatly bothers the patient and forcing him to seek professional help.

There are also such skin lesions caused by fungi, which in some individuals cause itching, and therefore do not sick any special hardships. The last case therefore asymptomatic disease, is the least desirable because such patients are not treated, and is thus a source of infection for other individuals (e.g. in swimming pools and the like.).

Athlete’s foot skin

Athlete’s foot skin (athlete’s foot, candidiasis interdigital – interdigital) is a condition where the person concerned feels intense itching that can not suppress anything, the skin may be acutely or no substantial signs of affection mold (strong peeling, redness). Typical disability is people who are increasingly sweaty feet. They are particularly affected interdigital area and the arch of the foot – to the disease are more prone people with little arched feet (flat feet).


Mycosis caused by Candida albicans is known as candidiasis. It has several variants. First, oral candidiasis manifested flowing white coatings on the oral mucosa, it can be easily wiped off.Typically in infants, debilitated individuals and patients in long-term hospital care and antibiotic therapy.

genital candidiasis

Genital candidiasis is manifested in women with dense whitish tvarohovitým discharge, vaginal mucosa redness and itching intractable diseases. Genital candidiasis can affect men as well, especially diabetes (diabetics).

candidiasis intertriginous

Intertriginous candidiasis (affecting humid place Zápařka) manifests moist, deep red surfaces on the edge of the collar scales and tiny pimples. These symptoms itch and burn. They are often under the breasts, in the groin and under the skin of the abdomen lashes.

Interdigital candidiasis (interdigital) described above.

Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis

Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis is a disease of immunocompromised individuals (i.e. individuals with a weakened immune system strongly). This is a persistent infection of the skin, mucosa and nails.

mycosis of nails

Mycosis of nails (onychomycosis), a fungal disease caused either by dermatophytes (then called tinea unguium) or yeast (Candida albicans frequently). Mostly affected nails feet, and the thumb and little finger. Hands are affected to transmission of infection from the legs or from damage to the nail (when the injuries entered a fungal infection of the wound and later to settle a blood clot under the nail). The most common form is a fungal disability starting from the edge of the nail, when there is a thickening, yellowing and crumbling of the nail and can lead to separation of the nail from the nail plate.

Another, less common variant of nail disease is a condition where the disability begins at the nail and nail bed proceeds in the direction of nail growth. Then it is affected physis and the structure of the newly growing nail, which is whitish, deformed (uneven, with white vkleslinami) and loses its luster. Image of a white pitting nails is very similar psoriatickému diseased nails (psoriatic arthritis), and thus can sometimes be confused. Experts would but this did not happen, because psoriatic nails are always affected everyone, not solitary (single).


treatment of mycosis

Treatment of athlete’s disability should be guided by a specialist – a dermatologist. The disease is very difficult, often returns and even with apparent relief of symptoms is not won. For treatment are widely used total (tablets) and local (lotions, creams), antifungal agents (drugs used to prevent the growth and reproduction of fungi). Unfortunately, however, as with bacteria and antibiotics increases resistance (resistance) fungal organisms to these drugs and treatment is then almost ineffective. Therefore, it is necessary to suitably select according to the results antimycotic microscopic and cultivation examination of samples of affected tissue and clinical patient individual.


How can I help myself

It depends on what type of fungal disease suffer. Whether the affected skin, nails, hair or vagina.They are usually prescribed drugs with clotrimazole, terbinafine or itraconazole, some are even free in pharmacies (AL Clotrimazole cream or expensive Canesten, Terbisil and many others).

In any case it is advisable to visit a doctor who will lead your treatment and possibly edited. It is not advisable to use any treatment before seeing a doctor. Examination, the doctor who then carried out to determine the infection may not have the best-yielding value or may be the results of these tests (false) negative. Furthermore, in the vaginal (vaginal), inflammation associated with pruritic discharge may not be induced by the fungus Candida albicans, but also other nehoubovými organisms such as streptococci (bacteria), clotrimazole treatment (used as vaginal tablets) are usually not effective.


complications of mycosis

If the fungus affects the skin and is not properly treated, it can spread to surfaces, as well as nails and hair. It is a disease rather unpleasant, either visually or annoying itching or other patient discomfort. Serious problems can cause especially in people weakened (elderly) and people withdiabetes, which may lead to such widespread affection, which then requires surgery.

Some patients do not feel the itch only have rough skin, and have no idea that this could be a fungal ill (especially the soles, heels). Over time, they can then notice that it changes shape, strength and color of the nail, then is often too late for treatment with simple solutions and creams.Then treatment is needed overall, which also carries certain risks, eg. Affecting other concomitant medications.

Other names: mold, mildew, a fungal infection, candidiasis, onychomycosis, ring worm, tinea, tinea pedis, tinea manus, tinea unguium, tinea capitis, tinea inguinal, tinea barbae, tinea corporis, thrush, pityriasis versicolor, systemic fungal infections, vaginal candidiasis, Athlete’s foot

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