Description flatulence

Flatulence (gas) refers to the formation of gas in the intestine.Permeating gas is known as flatus. Excessive amounts of this gas is called excessive flatulence – meteorism. Meteorism is manifested excessive gas leakage into the environment –flatulence.

Even though it may at first glance to be a very trivial disease, it is a very stressful situation for the patient, whether in terms of severe pain, which may worry or present social and psychological aspects. Generally there are two types of flatulence: flatulence, anal and vaginal flatulence.

Sound when flatulence is primarily due to vibration or anal sphincter muscles around the vagina. Vaginal flatulence is reflected in air emissions from the vagina, often after sexual intercourse, less during or during exercise, stretching.

Secreted gas consisting mainly of nitrogen (20-90%), followed by hydrogen (0-50%), carbon dioxide (10-30%), oxygen and methane (both around 10%). Flatus is formed first, exogenous gas (air swallowed during eating, etc.) And endogenous gas which arises as a result of activity of the bacterial flora.


Risk factors and prevention flatulence

Very often the cause of meteorism is inappropriate diet and bad eating habits. There is also important to casting bacterial flora. Foods with relation to the formation of Flat, can be divided into three basic groups:

a) Normoflatugenní food: after their consumption goes flat more than 10 per day, consisting primarily of meat (chicken, fish, lean beef) and vegetables (especially cauliflower, broccoli, tomatoes and peppers), nuts etc.

b) Medium flatugenní food: after their consumption will go flat 20-40 per day, we count potatoes, eggplant, bread etc.

c) Heavily flatugenní food: after their consumption goes flat more than 40 per day, they are milk and dairy products, beans, bananas, etc.


Signs and symptoms of bloating

The patient usually suffers from a feeling of fullness and bloating. If the gas does not leave sufficient gut, accumulate mainly in liver and splenic flexure of the large intestine where it can cause severe abdominal pain.


treatment of flatulence

The doctor (gastroenterologist) usually recommends measures relating to catering and food culture.The man who devours food in a hurry, because in addition to swallow food and a lot of air, which directly supports flatulence. Often the doctor uses therapeutic test, which lasts 14 days, and when he rejects milk, if it does not work, are being phased out other foods.

In severe cases, the doctor prescribes flatulentia (reduce the surface tension of gas), differentprobiotic preparations to restore the proper bacterial flora and enzymatic formulations that facilitate digestion.

Other names: flatulence, meteorism, flatulence

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