Dengue fever

Dengue fever

Description of the Dengue

Dengue fever is a viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes of the genus Aedes. It has been known since the late 18th century, when the first outbreak occurred in Asia, Africa and North America. It’s a disease of tropical and subtropical regions, and after malaria is the most important mosquito-borne infection. 2005 even surpassed malaria and is currently becoming a big problem especially in Indonesia, where it appears that the virus mutated at more resistant strain with higher epidemiological potential. Every year an increasing number of diseases and dengue fever is a worldwide problem and estimates speak of 100 million cases of dengue fever per year.

Risk factors for dengue fever

The risk is staying in countries where the disease occurs and inadequate protection against mosquitoes. Today is also the current risk to travelers who are heading to the affected countries.

Symptoms of dengue fever

The first symptoms are similar to other viral infections. Sudden fever is accompanied by a big headache, joints and muscles, whereby the disease is sometimes referred to as “breaker bones”bones and joints because the patients were such that it seems as if he had broken bones. The skin appears rash and bruising, which usually starts at the lower extremities and spreads throughout the body. Sometimes they are present and abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea. In advanced stages, the rash changes in reddish stains and the patient begins to suffer and lose weight. In some patients may develop internal bleeding. In case of deterioration of the above symptoms must seek medical advice.

If no rash illness is often replaced with influenza or other viral infections, and travelers can thus bring the infection to their home countries.
Classically illness lasts 6-7 days with a characteristic rise of fever before the final retreat of trouble.

Prevention of Dengue

Prevention is protection against mosquito repellents, mosquito nets and appropriate clothing (long sleeves and trousers). Protect yourself is important, especially in times of greatest activity, which is early morning and evening. Use of repellents for pregnant women and children, it is necessary to consult with your doctor.

Vaccination against Dengue fever does not exist.

Treatment of Dengue

Treatment is symptomatic only (treats only the symptoms), adequate hydration of the patient and reducing fever. In more severe cases, bleeding serves platelet transfusions.

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