Alopecia

Alopecia

Description alopecia The term alopecia expresses bounded hair loss unlikeeffluvium, which is diffusion, which means unlimited. Bounded hair loss is further divided into nejizvící: alopecia areata, alopecia Traumatic alopecia areolaris specifica, andscarring alopecia mucinosa: alopecia areata atrophicans. The difference between…

Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease

Description of Alzheimer’s disease Alzheimer’s disease is a severe brain disease affecting mainly the elderly. It causes irreversible changes in the brain cells and the loss of brain matter. Warning sign is that a person begins to suffer memory loss,…

Amyloidosis

Amyloidosis

Description amyloidosis Amyloidosis is a disease in which tissues imposes a specific substance which has a fibrous component (fibrillar, amyloid fibrils) and non-fibrous protein component (amyloid protein). Amyloids are several kinds. All contain serum amyloid P protein, apolipoprotein E, and…

Anal fissure

Anal fissure

Description of anal fissures Anal fissure or anal fissure is a painful disease that occurs most frequently injured anal mucosahard stools (constipation). Manifested considerable pain rectum, which increases during and after defecation (after a bowel movement), and persists for several…

Anaphylactic shock (anaphylaxis)

Anaphylactic shock (anaphylaxis)

Description anaphylactic shock Anaphylactic shock is a life-threatening condition. It is an excessively strong immune response to otherwise harmless allergens. The principle is that the first encounter with an allergen begin to produce antibodies – IgE. These harmlessly blood travels…

Anemia

Anemia

Description anemia Anemia is generally blood disease – particularly red blood cells (erythrocytes). This is a condition in which the reduced hemoglobin (Hb = red blood pigment which carries oxygen) below the specified ranges for the age and sex of the…

Aneurysm and dissection

Aneurysm and dissection

Description aneurysm and dissection aneurysm Under the word aneurysm bulge to understand pathologicalvessel. Its formation is possible for several reasons, among which we can mention the inherent changes in the vascular wall,especially its attenuation further wall may be impeded by…

Angina

Angina

Description angina Tonsillitis is usually referred to as diseases of bacterial origin,which causes most, some bacteria belonging to the genusStreptococcus (Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae) and Staphylococcus (Staphylococcus aureus), but often we encounter originator viral (herpes viruses, virus, Epstein-Barr), even fungal…

Angina pectoris

Angina pectoris

Description angina Angina pectoris (AP) is one of acute forms of ischemic heart disease. This disease is defined by burning pain behind the breastbone,which is caused by lack of oxygen in the heart muscle. Their causes and symptoms is similar…

Ankylosing spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis

Description of Bechterew’s disease Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic inflammatory diseaseaffecting articular greater extent men than women. Most often the disease begins between 15 and 30 years of age. However, given the slow developing symptoms can often be diagnosed later.While…