Neuritis


Neuritis

Description nerve inflammation

Neuritis is a common nerve disorder that results fromstimulation of the nerve.

If neuritis transferred to more nerves, called this disease presentpolyneuritis. This interferes with normal pathological effects on tissue, which affects the nerves that innervate. This diseaseaffects the peripheral nerves.

The presence of neuritis may be caused by many factors. Most often it is the presence of toxic substances, which may be due to various errors to diet, malnutrition, poor living habits, reprocessing, or metabolic disorder. Chronic acidosis (acidity, low pH), blood and other body fluids, caused by toxins and adversely affects the structure of the nerve tissue.

The cause may be a long-term injury or oppression nerve trunk.

Neuroinflammation also often occurs as accompanying disease tuberculosis, diphtheria, tetanus, leprosy and diabetes (diabetes mellitus).

It may cause various poisoning insecticides, mercury, lead, arsenic and alcohol.

Also known are autoimmune diseases that attack its own peripheral systems, such as systemic lupus erythematosus or idiopathic peripheral neuropathy. Most often affected by inflammation of the nerves: trigeminal (trigeminal), visual (optical), and vestibular seating (sciatic nerve).

Inflammation of the trigeminal nerve

The disease has an alternative name tic douloreux and causes intractable pain on the face.

Sensitively trigeminal nerve innervate the face, mouth, nose and teeth and transmits sensations such as heat, cold, touch and pain. His motor functions are chewing jaw movements.

The cause of the disease may be prolonged exposure to wind and cold or pressure lived at the entry of the trigeminal nerve to the brain.

It can also be linked eg. With migraines or post-traumatic conditions of the face and head.

Pain is exacerbated by cooling and after physical exertion or stress. People with inflammation trigeminal irritation, often thirst, abdominal tension and persistent pain face.

Inflammation can affect one, two or all three branches of the trigeminal nerve, and accordingly the pain localized to different parts of the face. Usually the pain is throbbing, short-term, intensiveand repetitive.

Prevention of inflammation of the trigeminal nerve

As prevention of inflammation of the trigeminal nerve is used to avoid exposure to drafts and prolonged stay in the cold.

Optic neuritis

Optic neuritis, often referred to as retrobulbar neuritis, affecting the optic nerve which is a bundle of fibers deposited in the eye, which transmits phosphenes in the visual center, which is stored in the cerebral cortex.

Symptoms of optic neuritis include pain during movement of the eye and can be present even temporary loss of vision, either absolute or partial. Sometimes it also appears blurred vision or loss of color vision.

Optic Neuritis is usually caused by viral infection or penetration are often appears as one of the complications of multiple sclerosis (up to 50%).

Exceptionally occurs after a concussion or after injuries in the spinal cord.

Extinction of visual function is mostly caused by swelling or damage to the myelin sheath of the surface of the optic nerve. The disease most often occurs around the age of 30 years and far more often affects women.

Complications of optic neuritis

The most serious complications of optic neuritis is an absolute loss of vision. Mostly, however, there are varying degrees of visual impairment.

Treatment of optic neuritis

In most cases, visual function restored to ten weeks. Part of the treatment is intravenous administration of corticosteroids to accelerate treatment. In the case that the optic neuritis complications of multiple sclerosis, it is recommended that treatment with immunosuppressants.

vestibular neuritis

Inflammation of the vestibular nerve is usually the cause of an infectious or vascular disease.

It can also cause certain drugs or intoxication by xenobiotics.

The inventors are the herpes viruses, adenoviruses, influenza viruses A, B, measles virus or mumps and others.

This disorder usually occurs in the elderly, who are more prone to cardiovascular nemocněním.Characteristic symptoms are sudden dizziness and vomiting, which are exacerbated during movement of the body and the head.

Symptoms usually subside within a few days, but may persist for a variety illusion of movement, eg. A feeling tilted field of vision, loss of body position relative to the base and others. These symptoms usually disappear within 2 weeks of the third, when it comes to vestibular compensation.

Treatment of vestibular neuritis

Suitable preparations which improve vestibular function. Therefore should not receive any sedatives or tranquilizers, because they slow the vestibular compensation.

Inflammation of the sciatic nerve

This disease is popularly called sciatica.

Causing formation may for example be a sharp turn, slipped disc, degenerative changes of backbone structures, physical overloading muscles or muscle tension due to internal stress.

The answer to the irritation of the sciatic nerve is severe pain that may radiate from the back of the outside of the thigh and foot to foot. Deterioration is when bending over, coughing or sneezing.

Treatment of inflammation of the sciatic nerve

It is recommended bed rest, preferably with hard mattresses and medications.

In addition, your doctor may prescribe a traction lumbar spine, wraps (cold to severe pain, prolonged warm to moderate pain), whirlpool or showers.

Also accelerates nerve regeneration pulse magnetic field. In case that none of these therapies is unsuccessful, it is necessary to proceed to the operation.

alcohol neuritis

The disease occurs most often in people who drink excessive amounts of beer.

The first symptom is numbness and cramping legs and later also on hand.

There are frequent tingling, burning or stiffness.

Other symptoms are muscle weakness and fatigue early, manifested rooster gait and uncoordinated movements.

Skin becomes dry and smooth, brittle nails and hair thin and sparse. The muscles around the hip and knee joints are shrinking, so the femur and tibia in the leg shrug and ankle overflows forward, causing the already mentioned difficulty in walking.

Progression of the disease can even grab the victim on the bed and cause degenerative mental changes, memory loss and elevated emotions.

Treatment of alcoholic neuritis

The patient is placed on the bed and administered subcutaneously his drug strychnine. It is necessary to position the patient so as to avoid the development of contractures. The therapeutic effect can have a gentle massage.

 

Prevention neuritis (general)

All B vitamins are beneficial for the prevention and treatment of inflammation of the nerve.Especially vitamins B1, B2, B6, B12 and pantothenic acid can relieve pain and weakness, and as little as 1 hour after their administration.

Exceptional preventive effects were discovered in soy milk, barley, carrot and spinach.

 

Treatment neuritis (general)

The best treatment is to ensure optimal diet supplemented with vitamins. Emphasis should be placed primarily on whole grains, brown rice, nuts, milk, cottage cheese. Of course there should be plenty of fruit and vegetables (sunflower seeds, pumpkin).

Other Names: neuritis, neuritis, polyneuritis, polyneuritis, inflammation, trigeminal neuralgia, optic neuritis, inflammation of sciatic nerve, vestibular neuritis, alcohol neuritis

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