Inflammation of the uterus

Inflammation of the uterus

Description of the uterus

The uterus is a hollow organ unpaired belonging to the femaleinternal reproductive organs. It has a predominantly muscular wall and is stored in a small saucepan. It is a body creature flattened pear. “Dobbin” This pear is facing up and is bent slightly forward, while the “stem” along with narrower portions directed downwards and is connected to the vulva.

The uterus undergoes during a woman’s life great changes. In women given birth to a length of about 7-8 cm in women who had given birth 8-10 cm. Weight ranges between 30-100 g. The uterus has three parts. We write about them so that each part can be affected by inflammation.

The first part of the cervix (cervix uteri, the inflammation is cervicitis), the neck is long, about 3 cm and its outermost part sticking into the vagina (vagina) and is called the cervix (portio vaginalis).

The second part – the body of the uterus (corpus uteri), has the shape of a triangle, which appears in the lower right corner moves into the cervix. Front adjacent to the bladder back to the intestine.

Upper body is conical and forms the bottom of the uterus (the fundus uteri).
These three components together form the uterine cavity, which is but a nonpregnant woman “spláclá” and cut to look like a slot. The wall of the uterus has three vrstvy- outer layer is formed peritoneum (peritoneum, which appoints the uterus perimetrium), muscle (myometrium) and mucosa (endometrium).


Description pyometra

Inflammation of the uterus is medically too broad. We have already described the uterus, and we know that it has three parts, as well as the wall has three layers. Therefore we will discuss in brief any inflammation separately, although there is often overlap each inflammations.

Most often, the infection penetrates in two ways. Upward Way (ascending), which due to decreased immunity, hormonal malfunction or poor hygiene penetrate the bacteria from the external female genitals through the cervix into the uterus. The downward path (descending) is possible at any other inflammation in the pelvic area, such as appendicitis.

Other possible routes are then blood and lymph enlargement (spread), when the new infection dokoluje of another bearing in the body (for example, from an inflamed tooth).

Laryngitis (cervicitis)

It is caused by various microorganisms – staphylococci, streptococci, enterococci and E. coli. These bacteria can threaten the uterus after childbirth, miscarriage or sexual manipulation.

Inflammation of the mucous membranes of the body of the uterus (endometritis)

It may be invoked after childbirth or abortion, because it retained remnants of tissue and blood clots are a good breeding ground for microorganisms. Microorganisms are usually transferred from an already inflamed throat also. Another way to intrusion infection, inflammation and sores around dead tissue that arises when using an IUD.

Inflammation of the muscle of uterus (myometritis)

It builds on mucositis abortion and usually spreads farther to the outer layer of the wall of the uterus – peritoneum. Peritoneum itself may be infected and inflamed (perimetritis) from inside or outside an inflammation of another neighboring authority.


Risk factors for inflammation of the uterus

Risk factors associated with the development of inflammation of the uterus are many. Most of them can affect the woman herself. Risk factors include frequent changes of sexual partners –promiscuity.

Furthermore, lack of sexual hygiene both women and her partner. Infection may occur when bleeding (even when menstrual) since bleeding basified sheath (it is less acidic), thus facilitating the passage of bacteria from the external female genitals in the vagina and into the uterus.

Infection can be transmitted but also from other parts of the body blood (hematogenous), or lymphatic. Therefore, if you have gynecological problems, while other infectious bearing body (other inflammation, such as tooth), talk to your gynecologist.

Risk of inflammation of the uterus and increases in the use of inadequate sanitary equipment, somesoaps and foams.

As with all diseases of inflammation increases the risk of impaired immunity. As can be seen, the inflammation can be transferred from one part to the other and with increasing time is a risk of the inflammation reaches the fallopian tube to the ovary.


Prevention pyometra

As prevention of inflammation of the uterus and inflammation of the internal female organs at all is given adequate personal hygiene not only for women but also for her sexual partner. Hygieneshould be performed by special gynecological soaps to avoid unnecessary disruption of balance within the vagina, so was not allowed penetration bacteria from the external genitalia.

As beneficial states and the use of condoms because many infectious agents may be of introduction into the vagina together with the penis during intercourse. Condom then constitute not only a barrier to sperm, as well as for microorganisms. It is also necessary to keep in mind that although microbes are not seen but are all around us and the infection may not only be transmitted to the penis or fingers of your partner (or yours), but also on various other subjects.


Signs and symptoms of inflammation of the uterus

For inflammation of the uterus, we see that women indicate pain in the lower abdomen and in the lumbar region, which is more permanent in nature. There are temperature, chills and aches.

Another symptom is light bleeding or spotting outside the menstrual cycle.
In severe cases we encounter withmucous up stinking purulent discharge (fluorine).

Sick indicate pain or discomfort when urinating or defecating (defecation).

If the inflammation is chronic, we can be observed only prolonged menstrual bleeding or irregular bleeding outside the cycle. Therefore it is very important to have at least a comprehensive overview about when menstrual bleeding should begin and when it usually ends. Any deviation without apparent cause (severe stress or exertion large) may suggest an inflammation of the internal female organs, but in the worst case to the tumor.


Treatment of inflammation of the uterus

Inflammation of the uterus are treated with antibiotics specific for a given type of bacteria.
Kind of bacteria is determined from the collected swabs, sampling carried out by a gynecologist sterile cotton swab. Smear is re-vaccinated on the soil and bacteria that grow on it then tested for resistance (resistance) to different kinds of antibiotics. As with all other diseases where inflammation is underpinned in time, the treatment is relatively simple, lightweight and inexpensive.Antibiotics are prescribed a topical treatment.

Local treatment is in the form of ointments or suppositories or mud. However, neglecting or ignoring the symptoms, treatment is much more complicated.

Given that the infection may diffuse freely from the uterus into the fallopian tubes as, and back into the vagina, there is a great danger that the inflammation reaches such intensity that it had antibiotic treatment is short. In this case, accessing a surgical solution. Surgery is performed with emphasis on the preservation of the uterus and at least one ovary.


How can I help myself

In the case of a suspected inflammation of the uterus is the easiest to help a visit to the gynecologist. In relieving the symptoms is advised rest and relaxation, it is also possible to take different kinds of pain medication.


Complications inflammation of the uterus

The main complication is a difficult diagnosis of inflammation of the uterus due to inflammation of surrounding structures, although it is true that the initial steps are the same, whether it’s anything.

Inflammation of the uterus must be distinguished from inflammation of the bladder (cystitis), appendicitis (appendicitis), the supporting apparatus of the uterus (parametritis), inflammation of the fallopian tube and ovary inflammation.



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Another complication is the possibility of rapid transfer of inflammation to adjacent structures and not only those who belong to the sex organs. A generalized inflammation can then spread the blood or lymphatic route to different parts of organisms (microbes get into the blood or lymph vessels, which are then ” carry “throughout the body).

Other names: metritis, colpitis, uteritida, metritis, endometritis, endometritis, myometritida, myometritis, perimetritida, perimetritis, adnexitis, adnexitis, cervicitis, cervicitis, inflammation of the cervix, inflammation of the cervix

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