Inflammation of the ovaries


Inflammation of the ovaries

Description inflammation of the ovaries

Inflammation ovarian among the infectious diseases that affect the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and rarely sometimes pelvic peritoneum.

Inflammation of the ovaries is only popular designation, because the ovaries are quite resistant to inflammation, and thus more appropriate designation of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).

The causative agent of inflammation in most cases of sexually transmitted bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

 

Cause and risk factors of ovarian inflammation

Certainly each of us had ever heard: “Do not sit on the ground or I’ll get sick ovaries!”. The cold, however, only helps the bacteria invade a weakened organism. Wear short shirts and jackets in winter or sit on the cold ground but it really is not reasonable.

The infection occurs most frequently microorganisms during intercourse. Among risk factors is therefore a high number of sexual partners, sex without using a condom itself even sexual activity. The risk of infection increases the already existing venereal disease.

The transmission of bacteria but can also occur during childbirth, abortion, the introduction of the uterine body or damage to the uterus. Further penetration of bacteria help the hormonal fluctuations of menstruation.

 

Signs and symptoms of inflammation of the ovaries

The most common symptoms include aching or cramping pain in the abdomen and pain during sexual intercourse and sometimes associated with bleeding.

Furthermore, it may appear yellowish or greenish malodorous discharge spotting and bleedingoutside the regular cycle. Some women have a stronger pain during menstruation or ovulation (which is about the 14th day after onset of bleeding).

General symptoms are too often absent. However, some patients suffer fever, chills, malaise, fatigue, loss of appetite and the urge to urinate.

 

Investigations inflammation of the ovaries

Women who have a suspected pelvic inflammatory disease or have some problems, often hoping that the problem will go away. But he disappears. Conversely, it is important to diagnose the disease early and start treatment immediately. From the banal disease later may encounter a serious problem.

Doctor examination determines whether the cervix to light touch painful. Further, usually enlarged lymph nodes and sometimes fever. To confirm the diagnosis, your blood is subjected to analysis, which appears unusually rapid sedimentation and increased white blood cell count. To help your doctor find out inflammatory agent, culturing and testing the sample taken from the cervix.

Sometimes your doctor may perform tests of the anus, which is often in pelvic inflammatory disease particularly unpleasant and painful.

Another medical procedure that can be handed examination of the ovaries, when the finger of one hand located in the vagina and one hand still palpable underbelly.

Ultrasound can detect the accumulation of fluid in the womb or purulent inflammation of the ovaries, which may be complicated by PID.

When the major problems is carried out laparoscopic examinations, when the patient is brought into general anesthesia. She made a small incision in the navel hole, which is inserted optical instrument laparoscope. It is equipped Cameras and light for clear viewing bodies. During laparoscopic surgery can remove a sample for histological analysis.

The biggest advantage of laparoscopy is that it can perform surgical procedures without opening the abdomen. Therefore scar remains small, the patient is able to go back to work again and the time of hospitalization is minimal.

There are several types of pelvic inflammatory diseases of inflammation uncomplicated to septicshock.

 

Treatment of inflammation of the ovaries

Your doctor will usually immediately after their basic gynecological examinations prescribeantibiotics, which occupy the two bacteria – Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

Although gynecological examination to reliably detect pelvic inflammatory disease and not many cases it has a different cause, not a mistake to treat PID antibiotics immediately.

Untreated or late treatment of inflammation of the ovaries may later have serious consequences in the form of infertility.

When antibiotic treatment is important to draw the entire prescribed platíčka, otherwise there is a risk of relapse and the bacteria may become more resistant to antibiotics. In case the returned PID and you are at last disease antibiotics properly nedobral need not be in this case, the antibiotic immediately effective. Antibiotic treatment is not always effective, and about 20% of patients with PID return.

Your doctor will surely naordinuje bed rest, plenty of fluids intake and advise effective painkillers.

Appropriate treatment is the current sexual partner to prevent ping-pong effect and your partner’s disease returned.

For more severe forms of pelvic inflammatory disease is required hospitalization and antibiotics are administered into a vein through a drip. These courses PID is sometimes necessary to operate.

 

Prevention of inflammation of the ovaries

The basic rules for preventing inflammation of the ovaries include the use of a condom during sexual intercourse (especially random or new sexual partner). Never place intercourse with a partner who could or has a venereal disease. Having sex with a casual partner is not responsible, you surely have heard at least a hundred times.

In case you suspect an inflammation of the ovaries, do not hesitate, and immediately go to your gynecologist. Postponing the tour will not solve your problem, and can cause serious complications.

 

How can I help myself

Follow the instructions physician, antibiotics are really important for successful treatment. Keep bed rest and drink enough.

Similar symptoms as inflammation of the ovaries may be

endometriosis

 

Complications inflammation of the ovaries

When the disease pelvic inflammatory disease threatens total high risk of infertility. For the first occurrence of the PID is determined at risk of 15%, the second PID and 30% after the third myocardial PID up to 50%. After suffering inflammation of the fallopian tubes can become a sperm fertilized the egg impassable.

Pelvic inflammatory disease also greatly increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy.

Other complications are abscesses in the ovaries, pain during intercourse and pain caused by adhesions in a small saucepan.

Other names: pelvic inflammatory disease, PID, inflammation of the ovaries, oophoritis, adnexitis

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