Description of the digestive system

Stool is produced in the digestive system. Constipation related primarily to the colon, but it is good to first say how diet progresses.

Digestive system (gastrointestinal tract) consists of the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine and colon.

Food is mechanically processed in the mouth – it is chewed, softened, adjusted its temperature, but also our body detects critical information and transmits the other parts of the digestive system or cause vomiting reflex. Workup mouth formed bite (bolus) that feeds through the esophagus into the stomach.

In the stomach, food is stored, processed mechanically anddigested. There are no absorption of nutrients. The stomach has a volume of between 50 ml at rest and up to 1.5 liters during filling. Liquid diet and stomach fluid can flow more or less freely, not be detained. From morsels that came through the esophagus, the stomach becomes chyme (chymus) and proceed further into the small intestine.

The small intestine has three sections: the duodenum (duodenum), jejunum (jejunum) and ileum (the ileum). It is the main place of absorption processes. From chyme coming from the stomach becomes stool (feces).

In the colon to adjust the volume and composition of faeces are excreted, some waste products, and most of the water absorbed. It should be noted that the intestine is not just a place through which food passes through, but also a place where there is a major vstřebávacím and elimination processes.


Description constipation

Constipation is described, difficult bowel movements. It is less frequent bowel movements than once every three days (other authors indicates fewer than three times a week).

It is not true that a regular bowel habit is considered regular emptying (defecation) once daily. It will be appreciated that the emptying directly related to food and fluid intake. If the income is very low, or if the diet is called. Residue-free, you can not count on the bench and in such cases it is tolerated frequency of once every two weeks. It is equally important to monitor the fluid intake.Stool is made up of the 75% of water. The remaining 25% consists of: non-decomposed fibers, minerals, proteins, fats and dead bacteria (bacteria in the digestive tract assisted digestion – E. coli).

They suffer from constipation 30% of the adult population. A measure of the stool is therefore mainly regularity (no frequency) and free of pain. Constipation may be separate or may accompany other diseases.

Reasons and causes why constipation occurs, there are many. This occurs when intestinalinflammations, tumors of the colon, the crack in the lining of the anus, fever, poisonings, spinal cord injuries and haemorrhoids. It is more common in women than in men.

Custom constipation differentiates into two groups, according to the state of the intestine.
Spastic constipation occurs excessive intestinal irritation, for example inflammation of the surrounding structures. There is a narrowing of some sections of the intestinal tract. Stool is then “trapped” in the stretched “pockets”.

The second group consists of so-called. atonic constipation. Intestinal wall is relaxed – limp, gut a few moves and insufficiently push the stool toward the anus.


Risk factors for constipation

Risk factors include any bowel disease (inflammation, diverticulitis, polyps, hemorrhoids, etc.) or even inflammation of any of the surrounding organs (bladder, uterus).

Risk factors include poor eating habits. If you happen to work for their food, increase the intake of vegetables, fruit, fish and fiber, so it will definitely return not only for diseases of the intestines.Constipation also run the risk of failing to adhere to drinking regime, ie. drink at least two liters of fluid a day (coffee and tea do not count).


Preventing constipation

An important preventive measure is a modification of eating habits, diet modification and drinking schedule.

It’s all about plenty of fluids (grinding helping stools), every day you should drink at least two liters of liquids (coffee and tea do not count) to achieve a regular emptying of the stool right consistency.

Important is also adequate fiber intake and regular food intake, overeating and night eating adequate amounts of whole grains and fruits.

The fact that so far we have no difficulty does not mean that we should not have to adjust their habits. The evacuation is related to the fact that many people no longer go to the toilet for completely different reasons than those for which it was created. They go there to read books and magazines and crossword puzzles. Do not do it. Your body will then unnecessarily confuses, he has learned that the toilet is going to read, so why would intestines gave the command to start moving and pushing the “poo” out. Confuse their intestines and read where it is read, that is in a comfortable chair.


Signs and symptoms of constipation

Each of us has experienced constipation at least once, whether as constipation after arriving on holidays or after the Christmas holidays. The main symptom is abdominal pain, feeling ofheaviness and nafouklosti. Often the discomfort can escalate to violent pains.

Constipation lasting more days are added headache and fatigue. Gases may or may not go.

During long-term constipation can reverse the direction of movement of stool. Stool is not directed to the rectum, but it moves in the opposite direction and may be vomited mouth. After the meal, you may experience nausea.


treatment of constipation

Treatment depends on how constipation occurred and whether chronic or disposable.

Disposable constipation can be solved laxatives (tea, mineral water, pills, suppositories, drops).Should follow the instructions on the leaflet and follow the recommended dose.

In the short-term difficulties and just simply increasing fluid intake and exercise.

Chronic constipation could not solve the contrary, laxatives, at least not without consulting your doctor. Injudicious use could cause damage to the intestinal wall and cause “paralysis” of the intestine, which then does not respond to any treatment.


How can I help myself

In the case of short-term and especially the first congestion you can use laxative, as described above. Sometimes it also helps to go for a walk, because movement generally emptying assists.But if the problems do not disappear, it is necessary to come to the doctor.


complications of constipation

Constipation major complication is that the waste metabolism (metabolism), which normally goes to feces excreted accumulate and back into the blood. The blood is then given to various internal organs that damage. Impairments are mainly the heart, kidneys, liver and pancreas.

Chronic constipation returning increases the risk of serious bowel disease. Can provoke the formation of inflammatory polyps, hemorrhoids or tumors.

Further complications arise when large damage to the intestinal wall, while over it already can not browse the nutrients or vitamins. In this case the body is insufficient supply of essential substances and begins to suffer.

Other names: constipation, constipation, obstipatio, spastic constipation, atonic constipation, chronic constipation

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