Thoracic spine

Thoracic spine (thoracic, thoracis spine) forms the largest part of the spine. It consists of 12 thoracic vertebrae Th (vertebrate thoracicae).

Thoracic vertebrae are composed of the vertebral body (corpus vertebrae) that increases with vertebrae downwards (caudal) is relatively high compared to other parts of the vertebrae in the spine. Carry facets that make creating a joint vertebrae with ribs.

Between the vertebral bodies lying intervertebral disc (Disc intervertebrales) that provide shock absorption, mobility, slip.

  • Vertebral arch (arcus vertebrae) together with the vertebral body produces spinal canal (canalis vertebral artery)
  • The spinal processes (processus vertebrate)
  • Articular processes (processus articulares) with flats, enabling the creation of joint intervertebral joints (articulationes intervertebrales)
  • Transverse processes (processus Transverse)
  • Spinous projection (processus spinosus) extends rearwardly and can be palpated
  • Vertebrae also creates holes (vertebral foramen) for the passage of the vascular and spinal nerves

Provide stability and mobility

  • intervertebral joints
  • intervertebral disc
  • ligaments, tendons – short connect the individual vertebrae of the thoracic spine, long stretching along large sections of the spine
  • back muscles