Pelvis (pelvis) is the term more broadly refers to the lower torso, a human body part below the belly and above the legs, with four-legged mammals, the body part between the abdomen and tail.In a narrower sense the term refers only skeleton itself pans.

Pelvic region is bounded by bone structures, these are the pelvic ring formed

  • Sacrum (os sacrum)
  • Pubic bone (pubis)
  • Hip bone (ilium)
  • Ischium (os Ischia)

In front of the bones in the pubis, gristly plate. In the rear part there is sacroiliac joint (křížokyčelní).

In a pan for better orientation distinguish several levels

  • Pelvic plane entrance (aditus pelvis), apertura pelvis superior
  • The plane pelvic width (amplitude pelvis) – Central part of the pelvis
  • The plane pelvic Strait (Angustia pelvis) located beneath the pubis
  • The plane pelvic East (exitus pelvis), apertura pelvis inferior

Construction of the basin has sex differences that are given mainly due to the passage of the female fetus through the birth canal.

The pelvis is completed pelvic floor, which is divided into diaphragma pelvis and urogenital diaphragma. Both parts consist of tendons, ligaments and muscles mainly serving as the bottom, as well as sphincter e.g. urethra or rectum.

Authorities in a small saucepan man

  • The bladder (Vesica urinaria)
  • Urethra (urethra)
  • Part of the colon and cecum with appendix konečník- (červovitým projection), sigmoid colon (sigmoid colon), rectum
  • prostate
  • seminal vesicles

Authorities in a small saucepan women

  • Bladder
  • Part of the colon and rectum
  • The womb (uterus)
  • Ovaries (ovarian)
  • Urethra
  • Vagina (vagina)