Lower respiratory tract

Lower respiratory tract includes the area from the epiglottis (epiglottis) after lung.

Thus comprise the larynx (larynx), trachea(windpipe), bronchi (bronchi), which are divided into orders, according to the place where the lungs are, e.g. lobar (lobed), bronchioles(bronchioles), terminal bronchi, which divided into the respiratory (breathing) bronchi, alveoli(alveoli).

The most important function of the lower respiratory tract is to deliver air to the alveoli, the air sacs where gas exchange occurs.Penetrates into the blood oxygen exchange for carbon dioxide which is exhaled.

Moreover, it also functions airways cleansing due řasinkovému epithelial glands is to capture impurities and their transport back to the upper respiratory tract to be expectorated and neměstnaly and clogged airways.

Sicknesses of this body part:

Pneumonia

Pneumonia

Description pneumonia Pneumonia is the traditional name for a fairly wide variety of inflammation of lung tissue. I nezdravotníci But today often used to describe the technical term illness pneumonia. Inflammation in general is a defensive reaction of the organism…

Bronchitis

Bronchitis

Description bronchitis Bronchitis is chronic or acute inflammation of the lining of the airways in the lungs. Each of these two types is entirely different reasons, causes and treatment. Acute bronchitis may be caused by viruses or bacteria and ten…

Sarcoidosis

Sarcoidosis

Description sarcoidosis Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease of uncertain origin. Multisystem means that affects multiple systems. Although the possible manifestations of sarcoidosis meet almost any tissue (in each body) predominates significantly impaired respiratory system, particularly lung and intrathoracic lymph…

Lung cancer

Lung cancer

Description of lung cancer At the beginning of the twentieth century was a rarity lung cancer, lung clinics, which will come to see doctors and medics. After the massive expansion of cigarettes in the twenties was an enormous breakthrough. The…

Pneumothorax

Pneumothorax

Description pneumothorax The notion of pneumothorax represents the entry of air into the chest, the space between the pleura and pleura. This space, technically called pleural (pleural) cavity, which is normally closed and find in it a vacuum. In the…

Pneumoconiosis

Pneumoconiosis

Description of pneumoconiosis They are professional lung diseases which arise mineral dust inhalation into the lungs. This dust causes a reaction lung cells and increased production of tissue (lung fibrotisation). Its consequence is a disorder of the lungs and breathing…

Pulmonary emphysema

Pulmonary emphysema

Description of pulmonary emphysema It is an irreversible, progressive destruction of lung tissue.Consequently disappearance of lung tissue formed thin-walled “cysts” filled the air. These are called bulls and accordingly also called bullous emphysema. This disease often occur naturally, but as…

Mesothelioma

Mesothelioma

Description mesothelioma It is very rare primary tumor of the pleura (the pleura), but rarely may arise from cells of the peritoneum (peritoneum) or the pericardium (pericardium). Development of this type of cancer is strongly linked to asbestos. In most…