Appendix

Blind intestine (cecum) forms a bag, which is located in the right iliac fossa, his červovitým spur of the appendix (pendeo, poise), which measures about 5-10 cm. Cecum is the link between the last part of the small intestine – ileum and ascending colon. Ileum from the cecum is separated so. Bauhin (Ileocaecal) flap. Cecum is about 6-8 cm long and so wide and about 6-7.5 cm.

The better-known parts of the cecum is the appendix – wormlike appendage, which is not involved in the digestion and absorption of food, rather it can rank among the organs of the immune system, since in it, as well as in other parts of the intestine cells form aggregates. It is part of the so-called. Intestinal lymphoid tissue GALT (gut associated lymphoid tissue).

Its location in the abdominal cavity is highly variable. We distinguish 6 positions appendix razed by frequency of occurrence:

  1. The pelvic (pelvic) – appendix is located medially from the cecum and extends into a small pan.
  2. Retrocaecal – appendix is saved for cekem a free end pointing upwards, ie towards cranial.
  3. Ileocaecal – appendix located medially from the cecum which extends parallel to the lower end of the ileum.
  4. Laterocékální – appendix is found outside of the cecum, its free end pointing upward, cranial.
  5. Subcékální – appendix is stored under cekem.
  6. Praecékální – appendix is located in front of cekem, its free end is directed cranially.

These portions of the colon are often affected by various specific and unspecific inflammation. The most famous is then acute inflammation of the appendix, which must be immediately addressed surgically. There are also forms of chronic inflammation. The appendix can be affected also polyps may cause it to roll over, and in both cases a deterioration ileus, which again must be medically addressed.