Burnout


Burnout

Description burnout

Burnout is not a disease, but rather a psychological conditionoccurring frequently among people working in jobs that require daily interpersonal communication. It is a state of mind described as sheer exhaustion, burnout. Furthermore, present feelings of utter hopelessness and helplessness, and generally affected lacks the joy of life.

Burnout described as the first American psychonalytik Herbert J. Freudenberger, in 1974. However, it is clear that this syndrome is certainly already occurred dřívěji. In terms of overall mental and emotional exhaustion caused by long-term stress and affects most people working in fields such as health, education and social work. In short fields that require daily human contact.Burnout differ from depression and fatigue in that initially affects only the working area (other areas of human life are at least initially affected). Over time, however, may just develop depression or chronic fatigue. The main warning sign of burnout are doubts about the meaning of the work.

Burnout affects women as often as men, and it seems that the number of “burnt out” individuals is increasing rapidly. They are subject to ever greater demands on workers, and also with the development of technology, there are situations where one person must hold the work of several people. It then causes frustration and stress from them is not far to burnout.

How does a burnout develops

At burnout is a long-term continuous process in which you can describe the five typical stages:

Phase enthusiasm when working initially bursting with vigor and energy. He is willing for new work on a lot of sacrifice. The work is the satisfaction and fulfillment, and therefore forget their hobbies and leisure activities.

A phase of stagnation, which is characterized by the fact that the initial enthusiasm fades and the individual begins to realize that not everything is as perfect as you originally thought. In this phase also occurs a need to perform leisure time activities.

Phase frustration occurs when an individual begins to question the meaning of his work. These doubts are most often based on bad experiences with uncooperative clients or superiors.

Phase apathy comes after a long period of frustration and is a natural starting point of frustration.Workers already carries only the essential duties and my job was considered as a mere flow of money for subsistence.

Burnout phase is the last stage and working are already visible signs of burnout. It is a period of emotional and physical exhaustion.

Who is most vulnerable

Burnout can affect virtually anyone who performs an activity in the long term. It may not be just people in the “employee”. Most prone to burnout are, however, people working in the so-called.Helping professions – people working with people who need help. Increased risk for health workers, teachers, social workers, psychologists and so on. Furthermore, workers are at risk of communication traffic (telephone operators, journalists, salespeople, etc.) as well as motivating individuals performing work below their qualifications.

From the viewpoint of personality are threatened primarily by people with high ideals and expectations, lunging to work with great enthusiasm and determination. Inappropriate and excessive perfectionism, irritability and a tendency toward workaholism.

Risk factors for burnout

It describes several risk factors involved in the emergence of burnout. Generally speaking, the main trigger of stress and frustration at work.

However, it is also possible causes fall into three basic areas:

individual factors

These are some odobnostní predisposition, among which include the inability to ask others for help, prone to workaholism and high demands on themselves and generally increased susceptibility to experiencing stressful situations.

working factors

It is certainly a predisposition to a particular job. Increased incidence of burn-out syndrome is observed in occupations where they are performing the same routine everyday processes. Important is also access lines, as low motivation or conflicts in determining job roles can also more quickly lead to burnout.

Organizational factors

Deficiencies on the part of Management, accumulated and increasing demands on workers or work without sufficient rest also play an important role in the development of burnout.

Preventing burnout

There are some principles that help prevent burnout. They are particularly good interpersonal and friendly relations. For it is often a good contact with friends can often help prevent burnout.Another positive can be an employer who is well aware of the danger of burnout and organizes for its employees a variety of seminars and workshops just focusing on the themes of burn-out syndrome.

Also important is the ability of high-quality and frequent rest and Arts “enjoying himself”.

Symptoms of burnout

Burnout syndrome is manifested in several planes. Among the psychological symptoms are mainly reluctance and indifference to work, loss of enthusiasm and commitment. Furthermore, difficulties in concentration and concentration. The culmination is then irritability and aggression against the environment. An important symptom is also feeling nedoceněnosti work done. Other přáznaky burnout are then emotional changes, such as a cynical approach to clients, colleagues chilly relationship and emotional problems in his personal life. Very annoying are then physical symptoms which are characterized for example, sleep disorders, loss of appetite, increased susceptibility to diseases, muscle tension and even increase in blood pressure.

Treatment of burnout

As with other diseases, and for burnout is very important to begin treatment as soon as possible.The easiest is to fight burnout already in the phase of stagnation. Unfortunately, it is not a creeping process, and therefore many people do not realize they are approaching a danger. If the problem reaches to the final phase of burnout is the most effective entrust to the care of psychologists or psychiatrists. Successes are observed in cognitive-behavioral therapy and logotherapy.Procedure selected depends primarily on the agreement between the therapist and the affected individual. Therapy then discusses mainly issues of healthy lifestyles, strengthening interpersonal relationships and gaining a more realistic attitude to the job.

Important is the support from the employer, who may agree to certain measures, such as reducing demands on working and creating nesoutěživého workplace environment. Other steps may be changing jobs or a redefinition of job responsibilities.

How can I help myself

An important element in the fight against burnout is rest, relaxation and regular exercise. Rest represents the activity which is totally different from the activities undertaken in the job.

Also plays a big role in touch with friends, which we can mention about her troubles. So always try to find at least a moment to meet them.

The work team then tries to establish a pleasant, nesoutěživého environment. Learn to say NO and watch your own limits, beyond which we would not go. Since overloading is the easiest way to feelings of stress and frustration.

Finally, it is also possible to make several small changes in the workplace. For example, ensure sufficient lighting, comfortable seating and an acceptable temperature in the room can also combat burnout help considerably.

Other names: burnout syndrome, Burn out syndrome

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