Description bronchitis

Bronchitis is chronic or acute inflammation of the lining of the airways in the lungs. Each of these two types is entirely different reasons, causes and treatment.

Acute bronchitis may be caused by viruses or bacteria and ten days normally disappear.

Conversely, chronic bronchitis for the long term or even returned.The most common reason is smoke, dust and pollution.

Bronchitis is one of the most frequent diseases of the respiratory system, chronic bronchitis suffer from type to every fifth inhabitant of the Czech Republic.


Cause and risk factors for bronchitis

Acute bronchitis is usually caused by viruses (e.g. adenovirus)and bacteria (e.g. streptococci).

More vulnerable groups as the elderly, children and people suffering from heart disease and asthma.

Chronic bronchitis is formed long-term irritation of the respiratory tract. Most often it causescigarette smoking. Support its development may also work in dusty environments or unhealthy air in cities, for example.

One risk factor for this disease is not a smoking pipe.


Signs and symptoms of bronchitis

Acute bronchitis know by cough and pain behind the breastbone.

Usually starts with a common cold or flu sore throat. He later added a dry cough, which in the course of the disease varies on wet. The patient coughing up yellow-green colored sputum.

Acute bronchitis is often accompanied by fever, malaise, weakness and headaches. Sometimes they may appear breathing difficulties.

Acute bronchitis may in rare cases go even chronic bronchitis.

Chronic bronchitis manifests a persistent cough with expectoration yellow to green phlegm at least three months in two consecutive years. Often they considered a normal smoker cough, but can lead to serious complications such as COPD = Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

COPD can cause serious problems to a disability. Adds a shortness of breath, which later may persist even during rest and inactivity.

Because flow through the lungs of COPD worsens, there is a failure of the right ventricle. Other symptoms include swelling, enlargement of the liver and cyanosis (bluish skin and mucous membranes) due to reduction of oxygen in the blood. There is a noticeable weight loss and general decrepitude of the body.


Treatment of bronchitis

Acute bronchitis is treated with rest and relaxation in bed. Your doctor will advise you to drink plenty of liquids, and especially not smoke!

Of course you initially discuss your medical condition. Will you care if you smoke, how long you cough and cough up if anything. Furthermore, whether you suffer from headache and muscle pain, temperature and breathing problems. Surely you examined with a stethoscope (Medical instrument for auscultation) to check your breathing.

You will also analyzed mucus, to determine the culprit of disease – a virus or bacterium. In case the disease is not caused by bacteria, antibiotics are of course used.

The temperature is treated with commonly available medications containing aspirin or paracetamol.

In the first stage, dry cough you use antitussives, in the second stage to the contrary, coughexpectorant you use.
The illness usually subsides within 10 to 11 days.

If you come to the doctor with chronic bronchitis, you will soon also be interested in your personal history. He will ask you to illness in the family, drug use and smoking. An important clue to the correct diagnosis of the time of your chronic cough and phlegm color of your vykašlávaného. It is also important to say that if you suffer from shortness of breath during exertion, and swelling in the legs.

First examinations will be listening with a stethoscope. Carefully listen to your breathing on his back and chest.

Surely you’ll be sent on a radiograph of your lungs.

Another performing spirometry examination is to exclude COPD, which is a test measuring various parameters of the function of your lungs. The test is performed so that constipation nose (to not run air), put into his mouth muzzled attached to a tube that is connected to the spirometer and breathe out and breathe in the instructions nurses. Spirometry measures the speed at which air flows during exhalation and inhalation, also determines tidal volume of your lungs and other data. Spirometry is then carried out at regular intervals (eg. Every 3 months), so that the doctor can reliably determine whether the treatment is working or not.

The treatment itself is complex. It is important to change inappropriate work environment and completely quit smoking! Most likely, your doctor will recommend an appropriate physical activity such as brisk walking, swimming, cycling or jogging.

Of the drugs prescribed different aerosols, which helps stretch the bronchi. Suitable inhalations as recommended by your doctor.


Prevention bronchitis

Against acute bronchitis is not a defense.
The risk of chronic bronchitis, however, can be mitigated by not smoking.

Genetic predisposition and environmental pollution that threatens us all, but not influence.


How can I help myself

It is recommended to use the ionizer and humidifier in the room where the patient resides.

It is important to take plenty of fluids in the form of herbal teas, soups and plain water.

Avoid as much hlenotvorným foods such as dairy products, sweetened with fruit, sugar and white flour.

Also very useful are gassing foods such as cabbage, beans, cauliflower and warm pastries.

When bronchitis patients often have breathing problems, they are not very suitable foods that need long in the mouth bite.

Nutritional supplements

Vitamin C – supports the immune system, the recommended daily dose of 3-10 grams per day in divided doses
It is recommended to use together with the flavonoids, which are natural anti-inflammatory

Vitamin E – Supports breathing, tissue healing and blocks free radicals, the recommended daily dose is about 400mg daily

Beta carotene – help regenerate lung tissue, the recommended daily dose is about 5 mg per day

The natural supplements can choose

Garlic – has anti-inflammatory effects

Thyme – releases phlegm

Astragalus, myrrha – are natural antibiotics

Ginger – promotes lung function

Oman true – helps expectorate

Echinacea (coneflower) – fights viruses and bacteria, promotes immunity (200mg daily)

Chickweed, ginkgo and mullein – released lungs and bronchi support their circulation

Vironal – syrup of herbs acting against viruses and bacteria, promotes lung function

Droserin – herbal cream for lubrication in the chest infections, helps to cough

NAC (N-acetylcysteine) – also helps dilute the mucus and limit the number of bronchial inflammation

Tea from thyme – helps diluting mucus (3-4 cups daily)

Into a warm bath or hot water can add eucalyptus or cypress essential oil. It can also be inhaled or massaged his chest with him.

If you already suffer from acute symptoms, you can start with light burdens in the form of exercise.It will help you both in regeneration and anti shortness of breath. Yoga may also help inflate a balloon to improve breathing.

If you experience several times repeated bronchitis, avoid smoky rooms, and use aerosol products (sprays, deodorants, nail …)

During influenza epidemics Limit time outdoors and in public spaces. Also depart as little as possible while impaired air quality.

It is important to every acute respiratory disease due to cure.


Complications bronchitis

Acute bronchitis can progress to chronic form.

Chronic bronchitis can cause damage to the bronchi and lungs, which in rare cases can cause heart failure or shortness of breath.

Occasionally there to pneumonia.

Other Names: bronchitis, bronchitis, chronic bronchitis, acute bronchitis

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