Description angina

Tonsillitis is usually referred to as diseases of bacterial origin,which causes most, some bacteria belonging to the genusStreptococcus (Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae) and Staphylococcus (Staphylococcus aureus), but often we encounter originator viral (herpes viruses, virus, Epstein-Barr), even fungal (in humans treated with immunosuppressants, or AIDS).

In addition to the tonsils, which are covered by the lymphatic tissues and are designed to protect the body against the penetration of infection from food or air, are also affecting the immediate surroundings, which is the root of the tongue and the adjacent part of the pharynx.

It is a very common condition, it is portable by droplet infection,airborne. The incubation period (ie. The time of infection after the outbreak of the first symptoms) is between one to three days.

This disease is currently fairly easily treatable, but if treatment is not started, can have very serious consequences which may occur even after several years. In the past, before antibiotics were invented, there was this disease not as common as today, but complications were more serious. For these people there is often arheumatic fever, which affects the heart and joints.


Risk factors for angina

This disease often infects people with weakened immune systems, especially school-age children,who are most often infected by their classmates, parents or other people in their surroundings.

A person who has in his body hidden germs angina may not have any symptoms of the disease, but even though it is called. Vectors. This means that even when alone with him nepropukla disease, can transmit the infection to someone else with whom they may occur. Therefore angina not avoid adults and the elderly.

Whether in our disease breaks out or not depends on our defense and aggression and the amount of bacteria present (virus, etc.).

Streptococci are often present in the body without harming him, but only until pending its exhaustion. The highest risk is during the cold months, usually in the fall, and in a period of rapid climate change.

The culprit may be a mental and physical stress.


Preventing angina

Effective vaccination against angina does not yet exist and so it is only effective prevention of increase in own immunity. We should therefore ensure plenty of rest, drinking regime and a good diet with optimal amounts of vitamins and minerals.


Signs and symptoms of angina

The outbreak of the first symptoms is often associated with unpleasant sore throat, difficulty swallowing and nasal congestion.

The patients have great difficulties with food intake, because it is very painful for them.

The main symptoms of angina include the ever-increasing pain in the neck, which is present mainly in swallowing, but yawning and may radiate to the ear.

May include a fever over 38 ° C, or fever and chills, but this symptom may not appear at all.

Typical floor redness and swelling of the tonsils, where they appear small white dots (purulent pins).

After this there is also enlargement (swollen) lymph nodes near (under the jaw and in front of the ears).

Small children may occur even difficulty in breathing, abdominal pain and vomiting.

Looking into the throat of the patient can notice the yellow and white or grayish-white coating onthe tonsils.

Chronic tonsillitis manifested bad breath, a feeling of pressure in almonds and foreign body in the throat. Not as good as recognizable acute form, because the finding is not so easily distinguishable from the normal state.


treatment of angina

If you have any of these symptoms, it is undoubtedly necessary to visit a doctor. Přechozená angina can indeed cause many complications, see below.

Practical doctor performs a swab from the throat, looks at redness of the tonsils and nearby lymph nodes and Palpating. Is very common blood collection, from which you can determine by means of settling the extent to which the organism is infected inflammation.

When suspected streptococcal infection immediately administered antibiotics. In case of doubt pending the outcome of spawning. These reveal exactly what kind of infection is and the doctor then selects the appropriate drugs. It is most often in patients administered the oldest antibiotic, penicillin, which has a very rapid effect, and also served with him medicine against fever(antipyretics) and pain relievers (analgesics). Quick relief and remission of symptoms but often leads people to end the use of antibiotics. It is very important to observe the exact time of dosing and not to stop treatment earlier than seven days. Staying in bed with plenty of fluids and soft foods is a must!

Effective against pain are also different and gargles Priessnitz compress, which consists of cold wet compress the overlapped plastic sheet and a dry towel. The wrap around your neck and let it work for about 30 minutes.

At the end of treatment to invite you to the doctor to check and examine the blood count. Unless elevated sedimentation rate nor the number of white blood cells, they should be successfully cured the disease.

After the reveal its antibiotic is advisable to switch to products that restore intestinal microflora.Antibiotics it is usually much damage, so it is necessary to restore the symbiosis between bacteria and the indoor environment. It is recommended to eat yogurt, taking Acidophilus and enjoy a healthy diet without refined sugar.

Convalescents should avoid active and passive smoking, which irritates the throat mucosa, and for a time limit sports and strenuous activities.

In the event that it is a chronic angina, which is repeated several times a year, mostly solvedsurgically. It is the removal of tonsils (tonsillectomy), which you should get rid of most of difficulties permanently. When picking almonds approach to general anesthesia, which carries the same risks as any small surgery. The most common consequences are postoperative pain, long healing, vomiting and problems with swallowing.


How can I help myself

The greatest help is timely seek medical care.


complications of tonsillitis

One of the most serious complications of rheumatic fever (Febris rheumatica). It is a systemic inflammatory disease, affecting connective tissue of various organs. Most often damages large and medium-sized joints, heart, blood vessels and nervous system, the most serious is heart disease, which causes a subsequent valvular murmur.

This autoimmune disease is in direct connection with an active infection, in hypersensitive individuals formed antibodies against its own tissues. It appears three to four weeks with a history of angina and among its symptoms include fever (40 ° C), joint pain and swelling, exceptionally circulatory failure.

Usually subsides within two weeks, but is prone to frequent repetition. Treatment includes bed rest, use of NSAIDs, analgesics (pain reliever) and antipyretic (against fever).

The most common complication is an extension of the inflammation to the surrounding area tonsils, during which may occur in the tissue pharyngeal pouch filled with pus (purulent abscess). It is usually accompanied by unilateral, severe pain that increases rapidly and significantly restricts swallowing and swelling. Sick leaning his head on the affected side, and he is poorly understood.Because of the reduced mobility of the lower jaw it is difficult for him to clear articulation that manifests so. Speech disorder. These dangerous bearing must be surgically removed after the unveiling.

Often after přechozené angina can meet sudden renal impairment. The biggest danger for children, which can lead to their failure. This means that the kidneys lose their ability to eliminate the waste and water. They retain the body, thus creating in the body swelling. Acute renal failure is also accompanied by pale skin color, high blood pressure, nausea, or vomiting. Should this fail retaining untreated, would lead to congestive heart failure, pulmonary edema, heart rhythm disorders, convulsions, unconsciousness.

Other names: tonsillitis, tonsillitis, inflammation of the tonsils

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